ACHIEVING A VIBRANT
4 ACHIEVING A VIBRANT
FOR A VIBRANT CULTURE
Malawians aspire to have vibrant cultural values that support socioeconomic
development. In order to achieve this, the following issues should be addressed:-
developing a positive work ethic; strengthening self-reliance and community
participation in local development programmes; restoring self-confidence
and pride in being Malawian; reducing gender inequality; enhancing a spiritualism
that provides an ethical and moral base for a vibrant culture; and reducing
disparities between population groups in the economy.
CHALLENGES AND OPTIONS
a Positive Work Ethic
4.2.1. 1 Strategic
There is laxity in moral and ethical conduct, which has led to a sense
of hopelessness, apathy towards work and corruption resulting in low productivity.
There is also a negative and intolerant attitude towards one another. The
challenge is to develop a positive work ethic that emphasizes quality service
and client care and can support the growth of an efficient economic system.
220.127.116.11 Strategic Options
The following options are available to meet this challenge:
Strengthening Self-Reliance and Community Participation
promoting respect for authority and rule of law;
promoting awareness of the need for a positive work ethic through appropriate
rewarding honest and hard working personnel and punishing poor performers;
promoting the value of hard work in the school system;
promoting the spirit of hard work, thrift and enterpreneurship.
Malawi is heavily dependent on donors. In addition, Malawians depend
on government for the provision of goods and services. This situation has
been aggravated by political statements, which promise help from the government.
This has killed the self-help and hard working spirit among Malawians.
The challenge, therefore, is to inculcate a spirit of self-reliance at
national and local level.
The Strategic Options to strengthen the spirit of self-reliance and
community participation include:
Restoring Self-Confidence and Pride in Being Malawian
reducing and rationalizing government borrowing and donor aid;
promoting decentralization programs for effective local participation;
providing training in participatory development planning and implementation
promoting communal work and the spirit of helping one another;
promoting gender balanced community participation through mass education,
particularly of leaders at grassroots, level; and
encouraging district associations in towns so that people remember their
Malawians have low self-esteem. They have no confidence in local products
and in their culture. The challenge is to restore self -confidence and
pride in being Malawian. Malawians must be able to identify themselves
with their country, their cultural heritage and their indigenous products.
Malawians must also be assertive and confident and be free from servitude
and low self-esteem.
The Strategic Options include:
4.2.4 Reducing Gender
developing a National Cultural Policy that advocates and facilitates the
promotion of national unity by instilling common values and goals;
defining, documenting and promoting a Malawian identity;
defining and promoting artifacts, crafts, arts and sports of such quality
that would engender pride in being Malawian;
enhancing quality control to ensure good quality of local products;
enhancing the role of Standards Boards to ensure good quality local products;
disseminating and displaying artifacts and crafts through institutions
and occasions such as library schools, community centres, festivals, national
monuments and the National Anthem;
promoting exemplary behaviour among political, religious and social leaders
in the society to inspire the youth and populace to take pride in being
changing mind set regarding the status of Malawians and their products.
18.104.22.168 Strategic Challenges
Some cultural practices, for example preference for boys education
over girls education and early marriages for girls, promote gender inequality
in socioeconomic development. The challenge is to reduce gender inequality
in the process of socio economic development.
22.214.171.124 Strategic Options
Strategic Options include:
Spiritualism as an Ethical and Moral Base for Vibrant Culture
promoting moral values that accord equal opportunities to and respect for
men and women and boys and girls in the workpiqW0, in schools and in society,
promoting gender equity through affirmative action;
developing appropriate and gender responsive management systems by intensifying
staff training and sensitization to different gender needs;
building institutions and local capacity to mainstream gender into traditional
institutions, family and community life;
conducting gender sensitization and training campaigns at all levels;
and appointing men to at least 50% of gender related portfolios.
126.96.36.199 Strategic Challenge
General laxity in moral and ethical conduct and lack of code of conduct
for public leaders has led to the acceptance and internalization of unethical
and immoral values. The challenge is to promote spiritualism and religion
that enhances a vibrant culture.
The Strategic Options include:
Disparities Between Population Groups in Economic Development
reviewing the constitution to clearly define "freedom of worship" as the
freedom of "conscience";
intensifying civic education by religious leaders on major social evils
that threaten the very survival of the nation;
promoting religious education in all government and private educational
increasing the role of religious institutions in promoting morality and
ethical behavior; and
promoting religious tolerance.
188.8.131.52 Strategic Challenge
Some sections of the population are enjoying greater benefits from
the development process because of race, gender, and religion. The challenge,
therefore, is to formulate and implement policies and programmes that will
reduce disparities between population groups.
184.108.40.206 Strategic Options
The following Strategic Options are available:
Promoting Cultural Practices that Enhance Health
formulating and implementing policies and programmes that will reduce disparities
between population groups;
strengthening the institutional capacity to manage and coordinate issues
pertaining to reduction of disparities; and
taking affirmative policies and action to achieve this goal.
220.127.116.11 Strategic Challenge
About 85% of the Malawian population lives in rural areas where access
to health services is very limited and where traditional practices provide
the base for decision making including health decisions. The challenge
is to promote the utilization of traditional practices that impact positively
on the health of the population; integrating them into modern medicine
and discouraging taboos that hinder good health seeking behaviour.
18.104.22.168 Strategic Options
Strategic Options to address this challenge include:
Promoting Cultural Values that support Good
promoting the involvement of traditional herbalists, Traditional Birth
Attendants and their associations in health care delivery;
planning and promoting health programmes such that they address both men
and women in order to reduce misconceptions and take full advantage of
the role of both genders in health provision;
promoting research on linkages between traditional and western medicine
to reduce suspicion and increase collaboration; and
promoting the role of parents in health and sex education particularly
HIV/AIDS so that interventions are compatible and acceptable to local communities.
Management of Natural Resources and the Environment
22.214.171.124 Strategic Challenge
There is over exploitation and abuse of natural resources and the environment.
Bush fires occur because people are hunting for mice or rabbits. The challenge
therefore is to promote values and practices that will protect natural
resources and the environment.
126.96.36.199 Strategic Options
The following Strategic Options will help to achieve this: by promoting
small family values;
improving sanitary practices by stringent laws, policing and civic education;
preventing the loss of indigenous knowledge of biodiversity;
promoting community participation and gender roles in management of Natural
Resources and Environmental Management, and
strengthening activities of city and town council health departments.