Chinsapo II is an unplanned housing
area whose sources of water are typical of other similar settlement areas
in the country. The main sources of water for Chinsapo II are; communal
water points, private taps, hand dug wells, Lilongwe river and other streams.
It is observed that the limited access
to water in the area is due to a combination of lack of government provision
and affordability. The limited provision of safe and cheap water has left
the door open to water entrepreneurs in the location (and outside of it)
who can afford a tap, to sell water to those less fortunate.
Those who use water from the private
taps at Chinsapo II complain that the charges at the private taps are too
high and many households only use them at the beginning of the month when
they have money. Owners of private taps insist on payment of cash for a
pail of water and rarely give it on credit. Water costs are, as a result,
very high forcing many people to use contaminated sources such as the Lilongwe
river and unprotected wells. The river is very polluted, as the sewage
from Likuni hospital upstream drains into the river and that is why many
people from Chinsapo II suffer from diarrhea.
Hand dug wells are another important
source of water for those who are far away from the tape and communal water
points and other sources in Chinsapo II. However, most wells are unprotected
and the water from some of them is said to be salty.