Source: Scholz (1996)
Effect of Community Based Management on the enforcement of fisheries
regulation in Lake Malombe fisheries.
The old strategy of fisheries management in Lake Malombe was based
on enforcement of fisheries regulations regarding gear type design, closed
season and minimum takeable sizes of fish. However, due to lack of funds
and personnel the Department of Fisheries failed to enforce the regulation.
As a result, fishermen continued to use under-meshed gear that exceeded
the permitted 100m and furthermore:
In 1994, the Malawi-German Fisheries and Aquaculture Development Project
(MAGFAD) introduced a community based fisheries management strategy, emphasizing
a participatory approach. There are 30 Beach Village committees which act
as intermediaries between the fishing community and Fisheries Department
Nobody respected the closed season;
Chambo of less than 152.5 mm (the minimum takeable size) occurred in almost
every catch of small meshed nets.
The project is -accompanied by the weekly radio programme ‘Usodzi wa lero’
a minimum mesh of ¾ inch for kambuzi and nkacha seine
a minimum mesh of 3 inch for chambo seines and gill nets
a maximum headline length of 250 metres for nkacha, 500 metres for kambuzi
and 1000 metres for chambo nets
recommendations of the closed season
limited access to fishery
By 1995, more than 95% of the fishermen were respecting the closed
season and more than 90% had changed their gear type of kambuzi and nkacha
nets to ¾ inch.